# What is the ripple voltage?

What is the ripple voltage?

Its 220 voltage dc supply
We want explanation also plz...

ripple voltage in electronics is the residual periodic variation of the DC volage within a power supply which has been derived from an alternating current (AC) source. This ripple is due to incomplete suppression of the alternating waveform after rectification.

Ripple voltage is the small variations in Dc voltage that remain after filtering in a power supply.

## Related questions

Description : A 3 -stage ripple counter has Flip Flop with propagation delay of 25 nsec and pulse width of strobe input 10 nsec. Then the maximum operating frequency at which counter operates reliably is

Last Answer : A 3 -stage ripple counter has Flip Flop with propagation delay of 25 nsec and pulse width of strobe input 10 nsec. Then the maximum operating frequency at which counter operates reliably is 12.67 MHz

Description : Define PIV, TUF, ripple factor, efficiency of rectifier.

Last Answer : PIV: Peak Inverse Voltage (PIV) is defined as the maximum negative voltage which appears across non-conducting reverse biased diode. TUF : Transformer Utilization Factor (TUF) is defined as the ratio of DC output ... Efficiency of rectifier: η = DC output power/ AC input power = PLdc / Pac

Description : Define ripple factor and PIV of HWR

Last Answer : Peak Inverse Voltage (PIV) or Peak Reverse Voltage (PRV) refer to the maximum voltage a diode can withstand in the reverse-biased direction before breakdown. Also may be called Reverse Breakdown Voltage.

Description : Define ripple factor and PIV of diode.

Last Answer : 1. Ripple factor: It is define as ratio of R.M.S. value of AC component to the DC component in the output.  2. PIV : It is maximum reverse voltage that diode can withstand without destroying junction.

Description : In a half-wave rectifier, if an a.c supply is 60 Hz. Then what is the a.c ripple at output? (A) 30 Hz (B) 60 Hz (C) 20 Hz (D) 15 Hz

Last Answer : In a half-wave rectifier, if an a.c supply is 60 Hz. Then what is the a.c ripple at output? (A) 30 Hz (B) 60 Hz (C) 20 Hz (D) 15 Hz

Description : The voltage gains of the amplifier with and without feedback are 20 and 100 respectively. The percentage of negative feedback would be

Last Answer : The voltage gains of the amplifier with and without feedback are 20 and 100 respectively. The percentage of negative feedback would be 4%

Description : An amplifier has a voltage gain of 120. To reduce distortion, 10% negative feedback is employed. The gain of the amplifier with feedback is  (1) 141 (2) 92.3 (3) 9.23 (4) 1.41

Last Answer : An amplifier has a voltage gain of 120. To reduce distortion, 10% negative feedback is employed. The gain of the amplifier with feedback is 9.23

Description : The voltage gain of a common -source JFET amplifier depends up on its  (1) Input impedance (2) Amplification factor (3) Dynamic drain resistance (4) Drain load resistance

Description : A dc chopper is fed from a constant voltage mains the duty ratio of chopper is progressively increased while the chopper feeds an RL load. The per unit current ripple would  (1) increase progressively  (2 ... 0.5 and then increase  (4) increase to a maximum value at α = 0.5 and then decrease

Last Answer : A dc chopper is fed from a constant voltage mains the duty ratio of chopper is progressively increased while the chopper feeds an RL load. The per unit current ripple would increase to a maximum value at α = 0.5 and then decrease

Description : A voltage source inverter will have better performance if its  (1) load inductance is small and source inductance is large.  (2) both load and source inductance are small.  (3) both load and source inductances are large.  (4) load inductance is large and source inductance is small.

Last Answer : A voltage source inverter will have better performance if its load inductance is large and source inductance is small.

Description : A voltage source inverter is normally employed when  (1) source inductance is large and load inductance is small (2) source inductance is small and load inductance is large (3) both source and load inductance are small (4) both source and load inductance are large

Description : The threshold voltage of an n- channel enhancement mode MOSFET is 0.5V when the device is biased at a gate voltage of 3V. Pinch off would be occurs at a drain voltage of (A) 1.5V (B) 2.5V (C) 3.5V (D) 4.5V

Last Answer : The threshold voltage of an n- channel enhancement mode MOSFET is 0.5V when the device is biased at a gate voltage of 3V. Pinch off would be occurs at a drain voltage of 2.5V

Description : Explain the principle of ON-OFF control and phase control of AC voltage controller with suitable circuit and waveforms.

Last Answer : The integral cycle control (on-off control) and phase angle control are the two types of AC voltage controller. The principle of ON-OFF control: The on-off control is also called an integral cycle ... control. In phase control, the switch is on for some period of each cycle.

Description : How do you know the voltage of an LED?

Last Answer : After connecting led to a DC source we can measure the voltage of led by connecting a voltmeter across it.  But voltage rating of the led is given by the manufacturers. Or we can ... in the market For more doubts connect with me in linkdin [email protected]

Description : What is the voltage of a red LED?

Last Answer : A red led requires 2v to light. LEDs requires different amounts of voltage ranging between 1.8 and 3.3 depending on the intensity and color of the Led.

Description : Justify. Power MOSFET is operated at high enough gate source voltage to minimize the conduction losses.

Last Answer : MOSFET is metal oxide field effect transistor. MOSFET is a voltage controlled device. MOSFET is majority carrier device. MOSFET are of two one is n-channel MOSFET and p-channel MOSFET. Gate, ... . Hence, power MOSFET is operated at high enough gate-source voltage to minimize the conduction losses.

Last Answer : Yes, Zener diode is a voltage regulator. Zener diode maintain constant reverse Biased Voltage. If the current is varying then also zener diode maintain constant voltage.

Description : What is Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) ?

Last Answer : Voltage Source Inverter (VSI)  Inverter is device which converts Direct Current (DC) to Alternating Current (AC). There are two types of inverters one is Voltage source inverter ... VSI consist of two load terminals and three phase VSI consist of three load terminals.

Description : Draw the structural diagram of GTO. Explain briefly the switching behavior of GTO with the help of appropriate voltage and current waveform.

Last Answer : Gate Turn Off Thyristor (GTO) Conventional Thyristor can be turned on with gate terminal but can not turn off from gate terminal. But in case of Gate Turn Off Thyristor (GTO), we can turn it on and off ... subdivided as storage period (Ts), fall period (Tp) and tail period (Tt).

Description : Why does surge impedance loading (SIL) increase with increase in voltage level?

Last Answer : Answer: SIL varies as the square of the operating voltage, so SIL increases with increase in voltage level

Description : Electro-mechanical voltage regulators are generally used in (a) reactors (b) generators (c) transformers (d) all of the above

Description : When an alternator connected to the bus-bar is shut down the bus-bar voltage will (a) fall (b) rise (c) remain unchanged (d) none of the above

Last Answer : (c) remain unchanged

Description : The frequency of voltage generated, in case of generators, can be increased by (a) using reactors (b) increasing the load (c) adjusting the governor (d) reducing the terminal voltage (e) none of the above

Description : When the interconnector between two stations has large reactance (a) the transfer of power will take place with voltage fluctuation and noise (b) the transfer of power will take place with least loss ... out of step be¬cause of large angular displacement between the stations (d) none of the above

Last Answer : (c) the stations will fall out of step be¬cause of large angular displacement between the stations

Description : For transmission of power over a distance of 500 km, the transmission voltage should be in the range (a) 150 to 220 kV (b) 100 to 120 kV (c) 60 to 100 kV (d) 20 to 50 kV

Last Answer : (a) 150 to 220 kV

Description : Constant voltage transmission entails the following disadvantage (a) large conductor area is required for same power transmission (b) short-circuit current of the system is increased (c) either of the above (d) none of the above

Last Answer : (b) short-circuit current of the system is increased

Description : In a tap changing transformer, the tappings are provided on (a) primary winding (b) secondary winding (c) high voltage winding (d) any of the above

Last Answer : (b) secondary winding

Description : Which of the following equipment, for regulating the voltage in distribution feeder, will be most economical ? (a) Static condenser (b) Synchronous condenser (c) Tap changing transformer (d) Booster transformer

Last Answer : (d) Booster transformer

Description : For transmission of power over a distance of 200 km, the transmission voltage should be (a) 132 kV (b) 66 kV (c) 33 kV (d) 11 kV

Last Answer : (a) 132 kV

Description : The voltage drop, for constant voltage transmission is compensated by installing (a) inductors (b) capacitors (c) synchronous motors (d) all of above (e) none of the above

Last Answer : (c) synchronous motors

Description : By which of the following a bus-bar is rated ? (a) Current only (b) Current and voltage (c) Current, voltage and frequency (d) Current, voltage, frequency and short time current

Last Answer : (d) Current, voltage, frequency and short time current

Description : Transmission voltage of ll kV is normally used for distances upto (a) 20—25 km (b) 40—50 km (c) 60—70 km (d) 80—100 km

Last Answer : (a) 20—25 km

Description : The power transmitted will be maximum when (a) corona losses are minimum (b) reactance is high (c) sending end voltage is more (d) receiving end voltage is more

Last Answer : (c) sending end voltage is more

Description : Which of the following is usually not the generating voltage ? (a) 6.6 kV (b) 8.8 kV (c) 11 kV (d) 13.2 kV

Last Answer : (b) 8.8 kV

Description : As compared to a 2-wire D.C. distributor, a 3-wire distributor with same maximum voltage to earth uses only (a) 31.25 percent of copper (b) 33.3 percent of copper (c) 66.7 percent of copper (d) 125 percent of copper

Last Answer : (a) 31.25 percent of copper

Description : Transmitted power remaining the same, if supply voltage of a D.C. 2-wire feeder is increased 100 percent, saving in copper is (a) 25 percent (b) 50 percent (c) 75 percent (d) 100 percent

Last Answer : (b) 50 percent

Description : The material generally used for armour of high voltage cables is (a) aluminium (b) steel (c) brass (d) copper

Description : The material commonly used for insulation in high voltage cables is (a) lead (b) paper (c) rubber (d) none of the above

Description : High voltage transmission lines use (a) suspension insulators (b) pin insulators (c) both (a) and (b) (d) none of the above

Last Answer : (a) suspension insulators

Description : Most of the high voltage transmission lines in India are (a) underground (b) overhead (c) either of the above (d) none of the above

Description : The voltage of the single phase supply to residential consumers is (a) 110 V (b) 210 V (c) 230 V (d) 400 V

Last Answer : (c) 230 V

Description : Which of the following is the demerit of a 'constant voltage transmission system' ? (a) Increase of short-circuit current of the system (b) Availability of steady voltage at all loads at ... of carrying increased power for a given conductor size in case of long-distance heavy power transmission

Last Answer : (a) Increase of short-circuit current of the system

Description : The phenomenon qf rise in voltage at the receiving end of the open-circuited or lightly loaded line is called the (a) Seeback effect (b) Ferranti effect (c) Raman effect (d) none of the above

Last Answer : (b) Ferranti effect

Description : How to buy a voltage stabilizer correctly?

Last Answer : How to buy a voltage stabilizer correctly? By the type of networks, stabilizers can be divided into single-phase, designed for a voltage of 220V and three-phase, which are designed for 380V. ... , they must be easy to operate, have a convenient appearance, and not create noise during operation.

Description : List standard voltage level used in India.

Last Answer : Standard voltage level used in India: * Generation Voltage : 3.3KV, 6.6KV,11KV and 17.5 KV,21KV (Now a days generation voltage is in the range of 11KV- 33KV) * Primary Transmission voltage :- 220 ... voltages in India are 765 KV (750KV), 400KV, 220KV, 132KV, 110KV, 66KV, 33KV, 22KV, 11KV.

Description : State the advantages of use of high voltage in transmission of Electric power.

Last Answer : Advantages: 1. As Transmission voltage increases, current decreases. 2. As current decreases, cross section of conductor decreases. 3. As cross section of conductor decreases, its ... high voltage transmission line, successful interconnection of transmission line is possible than low voltage.

Description : Analyze the effect of supply voltage on performance of LED as regards current, Lumen output, efficacy and life.

Last Answer : 1) Effect on Current:- In LED current depends upon supply voltage, if voltage get changes then current also change but this change in current will be control by resistors which are connected in series.  2) ...   4) Effect on Life:- If supply voltage is not stable then life of LED get reduced.

Description : With the help of N-channel JFET describe the effect of input voltage VGS on output current ID.

Last Answer : Working of N channel FET: * When a voltage is applied between the drain and source with a DC supply (VDD), the electrons flows from source to drain through narrow channel ... where the channel gets completely blocked and the drain current becomes zero is called pinch- off voltage.

Description : Define: i) Input Offset Voltage ii) Input offset Current iii) Input Bias Current iv) Output offset voltage

Last Answer : Definition of parameters of OPAMP is follows:  i) Input Offset Voltage: Input offset voltage is defined as the voltage that must be applied between the two input terminals of an OPAMP to null or ... to ground) and output voltage is obtained non zero such voltage is output offset voltage of opamp.