# In alternator where the voltage drop occurs?

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In alternator where the voltage drop occurs?

In alternator voltage drop occurs in armature resistance, leakage reactance, and armature reactance.

## Related questions

563 views

Description : In an alternator at lagging power factor the generated voltage per phase as compared to that at unity power factor?

Last Answer : In an alternator, at lagging power factor the generated voltage per phase as compared to that at unity power factor must be more than terminal voltage.

623 views

Description : The magnitude of various voltage drops that occur in an alternator depends on?

Last Answer : The magnitude of various voltage drops that occur in an alternator depends on load current.

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Description : what is the voltage drop as far as our distribution is concerned

249 views

Description : State the concept of internal voltage drop.

Last Answer : Concept of internal voltage drop: Every practical source offers some opposition to the current due to its internal parts or components. e.g. a 12V battery has electrodes made up of conducting ... internal voltage drop, the terminal voltage of practical voltage source is always less than its emf.

169 views

Description : What is internal voltage drop and terminal voltage?

Last Answer : It is not permissible to just connect the positive terminal to the negative terminal of a cell with a copper wire. It will overheat and get damaged. This happens because the electromotive force (emf) ... than the nominal voltage (emf) of the cell and this lower voltage is called terminal voltage.

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Description : To determine the polarity of the voltage drop across a resistor, it is necessary to know?

Last Answer : To determine the polarity of the voltage drop across a resistor, it is necessary to know direction of current through the resistor.

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Last Answer : In order that current should flow without causing excessive heating or voltage drop, the relay contacts should have low contact resistance, be clean and smooth, be of sufficient size and proper shape.

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Description : How do you fix voltage drop?

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Description : State working principle of alternator. State the meaning self and separate excitation.

Last Answer : Working principle of alternator: When a conductor is moved in magnetic field or a magnetic field moved with respect to conductor, according to Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, the conductor ... like battery or shaft-mounted exciter, then the excitation is said to be separate excitation.

350 views

Description : Explain the construction of alternator with neat diagram.

Last Answer : Diagram: Construction of three phase alternator: Construction wise, an alternator generally consists of field poles placed on the rotating fixture of the machine i.e. rotor as shown in the ... of rotor used in construction of alternator, 1. Salient pole type. 2. Cylindrical rotor type.

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Description : Is the speed of alternator is directly proportional to frequency?

Last Answer : Yes, speed of alternator is directly proportional to frequency.

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Description : At which power factor alternator is said to be overexcited?

Last Answer : At leading power factor alternator is said to be overexcited.

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Description : The power factor of an alternator depends on?

Last Answer : The power factor of an alternator depends on load.

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Description : What is an alternator?

Last Answer : Ans. Alternator is a machine which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy

445 views

Description : Define armature reaction in an alternator. Explain the effect of armature reaction at various P.F. of loads of alternator.

Last Answer : Armature Reaction: The effect of armature flux on main flux is called as armature reaction.  Armature Reaction at Various Power Factors: When armature is loaded, the armature flux modifies ... lagging p.f. For capacitive loads the effect of flux is partly distorting and partly strengthening.

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Description : Draw equivalent circuit of alternator.

Last Answer : Equivalent circuit of alternator

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Description : Alternator

Last Answer : .embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }

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Description : What is the frequency of an alternator which has 2 poles and makes 3600 revolutions per minute? A) 3600 HZ B) 60 Hz C) 120 Hz D) None of these

Last Answer : What is the frequency of an alternator which has 2 poles and makes 3600 revolutions per minute? A) 3600 HZ B) 60 Hz C) 120 Hz D) None of these

439 views

Description : While keeping the excitation constant, if the steam supply of an alternator running in parallel with another identical alternator is increased, then (A) It would over-run the other alternator (B) Its rotor ... (C) Its portion of share in load will increase (D) Its power factor would be decreased.

Last Answer : While keeping the excitation constant, if the steam supply of an alternator running in parallel with another identical alternator is increased, then Its portion of share in load will increase

510 views

Description : The fractional-pitch used for eliminating 7th harmonic from the emf wave of an alternator is (A) 2/3 (B) 5/6 (C) 7/8 (D) 6/7

Last Answer : The fractional-pitch used for eliminating 7th harmonic from the emf wave of an alternator is 6/7

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Last Answer : An alternator coupled to a hydraulic turbine runs at slow speed, as compared to others.

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Description : What causes diodes to fail in alternator?

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Description : Drop in alternator frequency is corrected by: (1) Damper winding (2) Increased prime mover output (3) Automatic voltage regulator (4) None of these

Last Answer : Drop in alternator frequency is corrected by: Increased prime mover output

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Description : When an alternator connected to the bus-bar is shut down the bus-bar voltage will (a) fall (b) rise (c) remain unchanged (d) none of the above

Last Answer : (c) remain unchanged

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Description : The voltage drop, for constant voltage transmission is compensated by installing (a) inductors (b) capacitors (c) synchronous motors (d) all of above (e) none of the above

Last Answer : (c) synchronous motors

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Description : Minimum voltage regulation occurs when the power factor of the load is?

1.4k views

Description :  An 8-pole alternator runs at 750 rpm and supplies power to a 6-pole induction motor which has a full load slip of 3 percent. The full load speed of the induction motor will be: A) 1000 rpm B) 920 rpm C) 950 rpm D) 970 rpm

Last Answer : An 8-pole alternator runs at 750 rpm and supplies power to a 6-pole induction motor which has a full load slip of 3 percent. The full load speed of the induction motor will be: 970 rpm

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Description :  In an alternator if the winding is short pitched by 60 electrical degrees, its pitch factor will be: A) 1.0 B) 0.866 C) 0.75 D) 0.50

Last Answer :  In an alternator if the winding is short pitched by 60 electrical degrees, its pitch factor will be: A) 1.0 B) 0.866 C) 0.75 D) 0.50

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Description :  The driving power from the prime-mover driving the alternator is lost but the alternator remains connected to the supply network; the field supply also remains on. The alternator will: A) ... as a synchronous motor but will rotate in a reverse direction to that corresponding to generator action

Last Answer : The driving power from the prime-mover driving the alternator is lost but the alternator remains connected to the supply network; the field supply also remains on. The alternator will: behave as a synchronous motor and will rotate in the same direction

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Description : Which alternator will have more number of poles ? (a) coupled to steam turbine (b) coupled to gas turbine (c) coupled to hydraulic turbine (d) None of the above

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Description : If the excitation of an alternator operating in parallel with other alternators decreased, its: (1) Power factor becomes more leading (2) Output Kw will change (3) Power factor becomes more lagging (4) Power factor becomes unity

Last Answer : If the excitation of an alternator operating in parallel with other alternators decreased, its: Power factor becomes more leading

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Description : A field excitation of 20 A in a certain alternator results in an armature current of 400 A in short circuit and a terminal voltage of 2000 V on open circuit. The magnitude of the internal voltage drop within the machine at a load current of 200 A is  (A) 1 V (B) 10 V (C) 100 V (D) 1000 V

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Description : A 8 pole alternator rotates at 750 r.p.m. Its frequency is

Last Answer : A 8 pole alternator rotates at 750 r.p.m. Its frequency is 50 Hz

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Description : A 60 Hz, 2 pole alternator should run at • a. 3000 r.p.m. c. 1500 r.p.m. • b. 3600 r.p.m. d. 1800 r.p.m.

Last Answer : A 60 Hz, 2 pole alternator should run at 3600 r.p.m.

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Description : A uniformly-loaded D.C. distributor is fed at both ends with equal voltages. As compared to a similar distributor fed at one end only, the drop at the middle point is (a) one-fourth (b) one-third (c) one-half (d) twice (e) none of the above

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Description : Why does surge impedance loading (SIL) increase with increase in voltage level?

Last Answer : Answer: SIL varies as the square of the operating voltage, so SIL increases with increase in voltage level

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Description : Electro-mechanical voltage regulators are generally used in (a) reactors (b) generators (c) transformers (d) all of the above

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Description : The frequency of voltage generated, in case of generators, can be increased by (a) using reactors (b) increasing the load (c) adjusting the governor (d) reducing the terminal voltage (e) none of the above

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Description : When the interconnector between two stations has large reactance (a) the transfer of power will take place with voltage fluctuation and noise (b) the transfer of power will take place with least loss ... out of step be¬cause of large angular displacement between the stations (d) none of the above

Last Answer : (c) the stations will fall out of step be¬cause of large angular displacement between the stations

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Description : For transmission of power over a distance of 500 km, the transmission voltage should be in the range (a) 150 to 220 kV (b) 100 to 120 kV (c) 60 to 100 kV (d) 20 to 50 kV

Last Answer : (a) 150 to 220 kV

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Description : Constant voltage transmission entails the following disadvantage (a) large conductor area is required for same power transmission (b) short-circuit current of the system is increased (c) either of the above (d) none of the above

Last Answer : (b) short-circuit current of the system is increased

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Description : In a tap changing transformer, the tappings are provided on (a) primary winding (b) secondary winding (c) high voltage winding (d) any of the above

Last Answer : (b) secondary winding

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Description : Which of the following equipment, for regulating the voltage in distribution feeder, will be most economical ? (a) Static condenser (b) Synchronous condenser (c) Tap changing transformer (d) Booster transformer

Last Answer : (d) Booster transformer

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Description : For transmission of power over a distance of 200 km, the transmission voltage should be (a) 132 kV (b) 66 kV (c) 33 kV (d) 11 kV

Last Answer : (a) 132 kV

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Description : By which of the following a bus-bar is rated ? (a) Current only (b) Current and voltage (c) Current, voltage and frequency (d) Current, voltage, frequency and short time current

Last Answer : (d) Current, voltage, frequency and short time current

29 views

Description : Transmission voltage of ll kV is normally used for distances upto (a) 20—25 km (b) 40—50 km (c) 60—70 km (d) 80—100 km

Last Answer : (a) 20—25 km

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Description : The power transmitted will be maximum when (a) corona losses are minimum (b) reactance is high (c) sending end voltage is more (d) receiving end voltage is more

Last Answer : (c) sending end voltage is more

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Description : Which of the following is usually not the generating voltage ? (a) 6.6 kV (b) 8.8 kV (c) 11 kV (d) 13.2 kV

Last Answer : (b) 8.8 kV

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Description : As compared to a 2-wire D.C. distributor, a 3-wire distributor with same maximum voltage to earth uses only (a) 31.25 percent of copper (b) 33.3 percent of copper (c) 66.7 percent of copper (d) 125 percent of copper

Last Answer : (a) 31.25 percent of copper