# The no load current in a transformer lags behind the applied voltage by an angle of about?

The no load current in a transformer lags behind the applied voltage by an angle of about 75°.

## Related questions

Description : In a given transformer for a given applied voltage, losses which remain constant irrespective of load changes are?

Last Answer : In a given transformer for a given applied voltage, losses which remain constant irrespective of load changes are hysteresis and eddy current losses.

Description : No load current in a transformer: (A) lags the applied voltage by 90° (B) lags the applied voltage by somewhat less than 90° (C) leads the applied voltage by 90° (D) leads the applied voltage by somewhat less than 90°

Last Answer : Ans: B The primary input current under no load conditions has to supply (i) iron losses in the core i.e hysteresis loss and eddy current loss (ii) a very small amount of Cu loss in the primary (there being no Cu loss in secondary as it is open)

Last Answer : No-load current of a transformer has small magnitude and low power factor.

Description : During short circuit test iron losses are negligible because A. The current on secondary side is negligible B. The voltage on secondary side does not vary C. The voltage applied on primary side is low D. Full-load current is not supplied to the transformer

Last Answer : C) the voltage applied on primary side is low

Description : During short circuit test iron losses are negligible because A. The current on secondary side is negligible B. The voltage on secondary side does not vary C. The voltage applied on primary side is low D. Full-load current is not supplied to the transformer

Last Answer : C) the voltage applied on primary side is low

Description : For a transformer, operating at constant load current, maximum efficiency will occur at?

Last Answer : For a transformer, operating at constant load current, maximum efficiency will occur at unity power factor.

Description : In a step-down transformer, there is a change of 15 A in the load current. This results in change of supply current of?

Last Answer : In a step-down transformer, there is a change of 15 A in the load current. This results in change of supply current of less than 15A.

Description : In an actual transformer the iron loss remains practically constant from no load to full load because?

Last Answer : In an actual transformer the iron loss remains practically constant from no load to full load because core flux remains practically constant.

Description : A no-load test is performed on a transformer to determine?

Last Answer : A no-load test is performed on a transformer to determine magnetizing current and loss.

Last Answer : The full-load copper loss of a trans¬former is 1600 W. At half-load, the copper loss will be 400 W.

Last Answer : An ideal transformer will have maximum efficiency at a load such that copper loss equal to iron loss.

Description : The maximum load that a power transformer can carry is limited by its?

Last Answer : The maximum load that a power transformer can carry is limited by its voltage ratio.

Description : State and justify which of the following two transformers is better:  Transformer A = 4% voltage regulation  Transformer B = 6% voltage regulation

Last Answer : Transformer A with 4% voltage regulation is better.  Justification: Voltage regulation refers to the percentage change in secondary voltage when load is changed from no-load to full-load with primary voltage ... 4% voltage regulation, which is less as compared to 6% of transformer B, it is better.

Last Answer : A transformer cannot raise or lower the voltage of a D.C. supply because Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction are not valid since the rate of change of flux is zero.

Last Answer : When a given transformer is run at its rated voltage but reduced frequency, its core flux density is increased.

Description : A good voltage regulation of a transformer means?

Last Answer : A good voltage regulation of a transformer means output voltage fluctuation from no load to full load is least.

Description : The voltage transformation ratio of a transformer is equal to the ratio of?

Last Answer : The voltage transformation ratio of a transformer is equal to the ratio of secondary induced e.m.f. to primary induced e.m.f.

Description : If a transformer is switched on to a voltage more than the rated voltage?

Last Answer : If a transformer is switched on to a voltage more than the rated voltage its power factor will deteriorate.

Description : A transformer at 25 Hz develops 20 W hysteresis loss and 50 W eddy current loss. If the applied voltage and frequency are doubled, the new core losses are (A) 140 W (B) 180 W (C) 240 W (D) 480 W

Last Answer : A transformer at 25 Hz develops 20 W hysteresis loss and 50 W eddy current loss. If the applied voltage and frequency are doubled, the new core losses are 240 W

Description : The inrush current of a transformer at no load is maximum if the supply voltage is switched on  (1) at peak voltage value (2) at zero voltage value (3) at half voltage value (4) at 0.866 time voltage value

Last Answer : At 0.866 time voltage value

Last Answer : The magnetising current of a transformer is usually small because it has small air gap.

Description : When secondary of a current transformer is open-circuited its iron core will be?

Last Answer : When secondary of a current transformer is open-circuited its iron core will be hot because of heavy iron losses taking place in it due to high flux density.

Description : The secondary of a current transformer is always short-circuited under operating conditions because it?

Last Answer : The secondary of a current transformer is always short-circuited under operating conditions because it avoids core saturation and high voltage induction.

Description : In a three phase transformer, if the primary side is connected in star and secondary side is connected in delta, what is the angle difference between phase voltage in the two cases. (A) delta side lags by -30°. (B) star side lags by -30°. (C) delta side leads by 30°. (D) star side leads by -30°.

Last Answer : Ans: C This is vector group and has +30° displacement. Therefore, delta side leads by +30°.

Last Answer : Primary side is low voltage side and secondary side is high voltage side.

Description : Explain the effect of Harmonics on the Transformer.

Last Answer : Effect of Harmonics on the Transformer:  1. Core loss: Harmonic voltage increases the hysteresis and eddy current losses in the lamination. The amount of the core loss depends on ... small core vibrations.  5. Saturation problem: Sometimes additional harmonic voltage causes core saturation.

Description : List two special feature of welding transformer.

Last Answer : Special features of welding transformer: i) It is a step down transformer that reduces the source voltage to a voltage desired according to the demands of the welding process. ii) Having large primary turns and less ... V ii) Secondary voltage - 40 to 60 V iii) Secondary current - 200 to 600 A

Description : State two applications of isolation transformer

Last Answer : Applications of isolation transformer: i) Isolates the load equipment from supply ground: ii) Reduction of voltage spikes iii) It acts as a decoupling device. iv) Protects loads from harmonic distortion.

Description : State why a transformer always have an efficiency of more than 90%.

Last Answer : As transformer is static device with no moving parts, the losses due to friction & windage are completely absent. Hence transformer has efficiency of more than 90%.

Description : Equivalent circuit of transformer

Last Answer : Equivalent Circuit Diagram of Transformer Referred to Primary: V1 -Primary Input voltage I1 - Input Current I0- Exciting current/ No load current Im- Magnetizing component ... equivalent of secondary terminal voltage ZL- Load impedance ZL ′- Primary equivalent of load impedance

Description : Single phase transformer

Last Answer : Single phase Transformer Transformer

Description : What is the use of transformer?

Last Answer : The use of transformer  is to do lower or raise  the voltage or currents in an electrical  circuit.  That's quite so simple.

Description : Write about transformer on DC.

Last Answer : Transformer on DC : Transformer cannot work on DC. Transformer works on electromagnetic induction principle. Electromagnetic induction principle means when flux linking with coil changes and EMF induced in it ... winding insulation will burn. https://youtu.be/TVp_0fIfxqY

Description : State any four characteristics of core type transformer.

Last Answer : Characteristics of core type transformer: i) It has one window. ii) It has one magnetic circuit. iii) Core surrounds the winding. iv) Average length of core is more. v) Area of cross ... Better cooling for winding. vii) Mechnical strength is comparatively less. viii) Repair and maintenance is easy.

Description : Explain construction and working of single phase Auto transformer.

Last Answer : Construction of single phase auto transformer: (i) It has only one winding wound on a laminated circular magnetic core. (ii) The core is made of silicon steel stampings. (iii) The two terminals of the ... help of handle. 5) The same transformer can be used as step-up or step down auto-transformer

Last Answer : The purpose of providing an iron core in a transformer is to decrease the reluctance of the magnetic path.

Last Answer : In the transformer low voltage winding has got more cross-sectional area.

Last Answer : Primary winding of a transformer could either be a low voltage or high voltage winding.

Last Answer : High voltage winding in a transformer has more number of turns.

Last Answer : The efficiency of a power transformer is of the order of 98 percent.

Last Answer : In a transformer, routine efficiency depends upon load current and power factor of load.

Last Answer : The maximum efficiency of a distribution transformer is at 50% full load.