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Draw and explain the working principle of attraction type, repulsion type moving iron instruments and derive its deflecting torque.
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CLASSIFICATION OF MOVING IRON INSTRUMENTS:

Moving iron instruments are of two types

i. Attraction type.

ii. Repulsion type

Attraction type:

 The coil is flat and has a narrow slot like opening.

 The moving iron is a flat disc or a sector eccentrically mounted.

 When the current flows through the coil, a magnetic field is produced and the moving iron moves from the weaker field outside the coil to the stronger field inside it or in other words the moving iron is attracted in.

 The controlling torque is provide by springs hut gravity control can be used for panel type of instruments which are vertically mounted.

 Damping is provided by air friction with the help of a light aluminium piston (attached to the moving system) which move in a fixed chamber closed at one end as shown in Fig. or with the help of a vane (attached to the moving system) which moves in a fixed sector shaped chamber.

Repulsion Type:

 In the repulsion type, there are two vanes inside the coil one fixed and other movable.

 These are similarly magnetized when the current flows through the coil and there is a force of

 repulsion between the two vanes resulting in the movement of the moving vane. Two different

 designs are in common use

Radial Vane Type

In this type, the vanes are radial strips of iron .The fixed vane is attached to the coil and the movable one to the spindle of the instrument

Co-axial Vane Type

 In this type of instrument, the fixed and moving vanes are sections of co axial cylinders.

The controlling torque is provided by springs. Gravity control can also be used in vertically mounted instruments. The damping torque is produced by air friction as in attraction type instruments

 The operating magnetic field in moving iron instruments is very weak and therefore eddy current damping is not used in them as introduction of a permanent magnet required for eddy current damping would destroy the operating magnetic field.
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