What is the difference between potential energy and kinetic energy?

What is the difference between potential energy and kinetic energy?

Answer: Potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position or state, while kinetic energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its motion. For example, a ball sitting on a shelf has potential energy due to its position relative to the ground, while a ball rolling down a hill has kinetic energy due to its motion.

Related questions

Description : What is the difference between kinetic and potential energy?

Last Answer : Answer: Kinetic energy is the energy of motion, while potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position or state. For example, a moving car has kinetic energy, while a ball sitting on a table has potential energy due to its position above the ground.

Description : What is the difference between potential and kinetic energy?

Last Answer : The difference between kinetic and potential energy is that kinetic energy produced when atoms is moving and Potential energy is the stored energy of a body due to its position. The relationships ... distance, acceleration, and energy can be illustrated by the lifting and dropping of an object.

Description : A long thread suspended from a fixed point has a small mass swinging to and fro at its lower end. Then, 1. the potential energy of the mass is minimum in the middle of the swing 2. the kinetic energy is maximum in the middle of ... /are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 (c) 2 and 4 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Description : When the velocity of a body is doubled, its 1. acceleration is doubled 2. momentum is doubled 3. kinetic energy becomes four times 4. potential energy is doubled Which of the above is/are correct? (a) 2 only (b) 2 and 3 (c) 3 only (d) 2 and 4

Description : When a liquid is at its boiling point, no temperature change takes place due to heating. The energy supplied due to heating (a) Is used up to increase the potential energy of the liquid molecules (b ... c) Is used up to increase the kinetic energy and potential energy of the molecules (d) Is wasted

Description : What type of Energy does spring have? A. Elastic Potential Energy (Answer) B. Kinetic Energy C. Potential Energy D. None of the above

Description : The increasing vapor pressure caused by heating a liquid is due to------? A. increase inter-molecular interactions B. increasing potential energy of molecules C. increasing kinetic energy of molecules (Answer) D. decreasing surface tension

Description : The energy stored in a dam is------? A. Kinetic energy B. Electrical energy C. Potential energy (Answer) D. None of these

Description : What is the Formula for Kinetic Energy, And Potential Energy?

Last Answer : Hmm, did you try googling it? http://id.mind.net/~zona/mstm/physics/mechanics/energy/kineticEnergy/kineticEnergy.html http://id.mind.net/~zona/mstm/physics/mechanics/energy/gravitationalPotentialEnergy/gravitationalPotentialEnergy.html

Description : A particle in simple Harmonic Motion while passing through mean position will have a.Maximum kinetic energy and minimum potential energy b.Average kinetic energy and average potential energy c. ... energy d.Maximum kinetic energy and maximum e.Minimum kinetic energy and minimum potential energy

Last Answer : a. Maximum kinetic energy and minimum potential energy

Description : During SHM which of the following is conserved? a.Kinetic energy b.Potential energy c.Total energy d.Momentum e.All of the above

Description : Which of the following statement is incorrect? a.A body can have energy without having momentum b.A body cannot have kinetic energy without having momentum c.A body in motion will always have kinetic energy more than the potential energy d.None of the above e.107 dynes

Last Answer : c. A body in motion will always have kinetic energy more than the potential energy

Description : The statement that the sum of the kinetic and potential energies of a particle in the earth's gravitational field is constant is known as a.Principle of conservation of mechanical energy b.Law of gravitation c.Newton's law d.Principle of conservation of momentum e.Law of nature

Last Answer : a. Principle of conservation of mechanical energy

Description : A wound watch spring possesses energy in the form of a.Mechanical potential energy b.Kinetic energy c.Spring energy d.Potential energy e.Both potential and kinetic energy

Last Answer : a. Mechanical potential energy

Description : A particle in SHM while passing through mean position will have a.maximum kinetic energy and maximum potential energy b.107 dynes c.maximum kinetic energy and minimum potential energy d.average kinetic energy and average potential energy. e.minimum kinetic energy and maximum potential energy

Last Answer : c. maximum kinetic energy and minimum potential energy

Description : What is the sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy of the molecules of matter called energy ?

Last Answer : The sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the molecules of matter is called internal energy.

Description : An electron in an atom jumps in such a way that its kinetic energy changes from x to `x/4`. The change in potential energy will be:

Last Answer : An electron in an atom jumps in such a way that its kinetic energy changes from x to `x/4`. The change in potential ... `+(3)/(4)x` D. `-(3)/(4)x`

Description : Calculate the kinetic energy, potential energy, total energy and binding energy of an artificial satellite of mass 2000 kg

Last Answer : Calculate the kinetic energy, potential energy, total energy and binding energy of an artificial satellite of mass 2000 ... 6400 km M = 6 1024 kg

Description : Is winding up for the pitch kinetic or potential energy?

Description : Why do particles of objects have both kinetic and potential energy?

Last Answer : Particles have both potential and 'kinetic' energy because theenergy is a quaternion consisting of a scalar Es and a vector Ev, E= Es + Ev. The 'kinetic' energy is a vector energy mcV. ... is clearly avector energy but is precluded from being energy because of thedefinition of energy as a scalar.

Description : What set of terms best defines what affects kinetic energy and potential energy respectively?

Last Answer : Potential energy is a scalar and kinetic energy is a vector energy. e.g.W= -mGM/r + cmV = -mu/r + cP where the potential energy is -mu/r and the vector/kinetic energy is cmV.The ... vector quantity, a Boson and a Fermion, in short energy is a Quaternion quantity, a four dimensional division Algebra.

Description : What type of energy is a piece of celery have potential or kinetic?

Description : How are kinetic and potential energy related?

Last Answer : potential is stored and kinetic is in motion. Think of it as aroller coster when you are at the top of the hill you have 100%potential energy and 0% kinetic the opposite is also true when youare at the bottom of the hill you have 0% potential and 100%kinetic energy

Description : ________ energy is the total kinetic and potential energy of the particles in an object.?

Last Answer : In microscopic particles it's called internal energy. In macroscopic particles it's called thermodynamic energy.

Description : A boy on a bicycle is resting at the top of a hill. Then, he rides his bicycle down the hill. Describe how the boyâ€™s potential and kinetic energy differ at the top, middle, and bottom of the hill.?

Description : Is light energy potential or kinetic energy?

Description : Is electric energy a form of kinetic or potential energy?

Last Answer : It is energy of moving electrons

Description : Friction can be reduced by changing over from _____. A. Sliding to rolling B. Dynamic to static C. Potential energy to kinetic energy D. Rolling to sliding

Description : The temperature of water at the bottom of a large waterfall is higher than that of the water at the top, because - (1) the falling water absorbs heat from the Sun. (2) the water at the bottom has ... of the falling water is converted into heat. (4) rocks on the bed of the river give out heat.

Last Answer : (3) the kinetic energy of the falling water is converted into heat. Explanation: The water gains kinetic energy as it falls down and loses its potential energy. Assuming no other losses, part of the kinetic energy gain of water is converted into heat, raising the temperature of water.

Description : Tides in the sea have stored in them : (1) Hydraulic energy (2) Kinetic energy (3) Gravitational potential energy (4) A combination of all the above three forms of energy

Last Answer : (3) Gravitational potential energy Explanation: Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation ... is channeled into a large basin behind the darn, holding a large amount of potential energy.

Description : Energy posses by a body in motion is called - (1) Kinetic Energy (2) Potential Energy (3) Both of Above (4) None of Above

Last Answer : (1) Kinetic Energy Explanation: Energy posses by a body in motion is called Kinetic Energy. In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion. It is defined as the work needed to accelerate a body of a given mass from rest to its stated velocity.

Description : The sum of potential energy and kinetic energy is known as : (1) Electrical energy (2) Chemical energy (3) Light energy (4) Mechanical energy

Last Answer : (4) Mechanical energy Explanation: In physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum ofpotential energy and kinetic energy. It is the energy associated with the motion and position of an object.

Description : Mechanical energy is the combination of kinetic energy and _______. (1) Heat energy (2) Chemical energy (3) Potential energy (4) Nuclear energy

Last Answer : (3) Potential energy Explanation: Mechanical energy is the energy possessed by an object due to either its motion or its stored energy of position. The total amount of mechanical energy is merely the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy.

Description : The rate of change of linear momentum of a body falling freely under gravity is equal to it's (1) Kinetic Energy (2) Weight (3) Potential Energy (4) Impulse

Last Answer : (2) Weight Explanation: Rate of change of impulse equals the force. In case of freely falling body the only force is the weight.

Description : Energy stored in a coal is - (1) kinetic energy (2) potential energy (3) chemical energy (4) nuclear energy

Last Answer : (3) chemical energy Explanation: Chemical energy is stored in coal. Coal is a Hydrocarbon. When coal is burnt its chemical energy comes out in the form of light and heat energy which result in formation of vapors of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and water(H2O).

Description : In a water lifting electric pump, We convert – (1) Electrical energy into Potential energy (2) Kinetic energy into Electrical energy (3) Kinetic energy into Potential energy (4) Electrical energy into Kinetic energy

Last Answer : (1) Electrical energy into Potential energy Explanation: In a water lifting electric pump, we convert electrical energy into potential energy. In hydraulic pump mechanical energy in converted into potential energy

Description : The work done by the string of a simple pendulum during one complete oscillation is equal to (1) Total energy of the pendulum (2) Kinetic energy of the pendulum (3) Potential energy of the pendulum (4) Zero

Last Answer : (4) Zero Explanation: Work done by the string of the simple pendulum during one complete oscillation is zero. Tension in the string exactly cancels the component parallel to the string. This leaves a net restoring force back toward the equilibrium position as equal to zero.

Description : In which form is the supplied heat energy stored during change in temperature of substance? (1) Heat energy (2) Kinetic energy (3) Potential energy (4) Both kinetic and potential energy

Last Answer : (2) Kinetic energy Explanation: Temperature is used as a measure for heat in an object by measuring the amount of kinetic energy in the molecules that make up the object. It is a measure of the average ... from the heat source to the molecules, and it can also change its form from heat to movement.

Description : The energy stored in a watch spring is (1) Kinetic energy (2) Potential energy (3) Heat energy (4) Chemical energy

Last Answer : (2) Potential energy

Description : In a rechargeable cell what kind of energy is stored within the cell? (1) Electrical energy (2) Potential energy (3) Chemical energy (4) Kinetic energy

Last Answer : (3) Chemical energy Explanation: In electricity, a battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells that convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy. A battery is ... of two half-cells connected in series by a conductive electrolyte containing anions and cations.

Description : Energy that is produced commercially from coal is called – (1) Light energy (2) Kinetic energy (3) Thermal energy (4) Potential energy

Last Answer : (3) Thermal energy Explanation: Thermal enemy, but in most cases coal is used for electricity. The steel industry uses coal (or coke rather) in blast furnaces. Thermal energy is the part of ... through heating, and not been subjected to work input or output, or any other energy-changing processes.

Description : When a body falls from an aeroplane, there is increase in its – (1) Kinetic energy (2) Mass (3) Acceleration (4) Potential energy

Last Answer : (3) Acceleration Explanation: The energy possessed by a body by virtue of its motion is called kinetic energy. Potential Energy is the energy possessed by virtue of its position or configuration. When a body falls from an aeroplane, there is increase in its acceleration.

Description : In a nuclear explosion, the energy is released primarily in the form of __________ energy. (A) Potential (B) Thermal (C) Kinetic (D) Electrical

Description : Bernoulli's principle states that, for streamline motion of an incompressible non-viscous fluid: A. the pressure at any part + the kinetic energy per unit volume = constant B. the kinetic ... + the kinetic energy per unit volume + the potential energy per unit volume = constant

Last Answer : the pressure at any part + the kinetic energy per unit volume + the potential energy per unit volume = constant

Description : Energy in deformed solid is called A. stress energy B. potential energy C. kinetic energy D. strain energy

Description : Work done on an object to bring it to certain point in space is called A. gravitational potential energy B. potential energy C. kinetic energy D. mechanical energy

Description : At the end of communication system, the signal is converted from radio to A. sound B. mechanical energy C. kinetic energy D. potential energy