Explain micro finishing process used to correct hole geometry in component.

1 Answer

Answer :

Honing Process (micro finishing process): To correct hole geometry in component, honing is used as a micro finishing process. Honing is an abrading process used mainly for finishing round holes by means of bonded abrasive stones called hones. Honing is primarily used to correct out of roundness, taper, tool marks and axial distortion. Abrasives used in honing are Silicon carbide, aluminium oxide, diamond or cubic boron nitride. When honing is done manually; the honing tool is rotated and workpiece is passed back and forth over the tool. Length of motion is such that the stones extend beyond the workpiece surface at the end of each stroke. For precision honing, the work is usually held in a fixture and the tool is given a slow reciprocating motion as it rotates (shown in Fig.). The stones are thus given a complex motion as rotation is combined with oscillatory axial motion. These two motions combine to give a resulting cross-hatch lay pattern. Honing stones may be held in the honing head by cementing them into metal shells, which are clamped into holder or they are cemented directly into holders. Coolants are essential to the operation of this process, to flush away small chips and to keep temperatures uniform.


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