List two uses of EDM.

List two uses of EDM.

1.It is useful for measuring the distances that are difficult to access.

2. It is useful in topographical survey.

3.Measurement of base line in triangulation survey can be carried out speedily and accurately.

4.Measuremnt of distances in difficult work sites such as construction of gravity dams.

5.It is useful in fixing alignment of road, railways, canals etc.

Related questions

Description : State the principle of EDM with sketch.

Last Answer : Principle of EDM:- The fig shows a survey line AB, the length D of which is to be measured using EDM equipment placed at ends A. Let a transmitter be placed at A to propagate electromagnetic waves towards B ... measured at A. This will require EDM timing devices with an accuracy of 1 10-9s.

Description : Explain the working principal of EDM with a neat sketch.

Last Answer : Let the distance between P and Q be D' which is to be measured. A wave is transmitted from the transmitter at station P' with certain phase angle. . There ... finding the distance, the phase difference between transmitted wave and reflected wave is measured and converted into distance.

Description : State any four uses of digital theodolite.

Last Answer : The uses of digital theodolite are as follows. 1. To measure horizontal angle vey precisely up to one second. 2. To measure vertical angle accurately up to one second. 3. To set ... reduced levels of ridge and valley lines accurately. 5. To determine horizontal distance more precisely

Description : State any four uses of transit theodolite.

Last Answer : Transit theodolite is useful for the following. 1. To measure the horizontal and vertical angles between survey stations. 2. To measure deflection angles between survey lines. 3. To measure horizontal ... tubular compass to it. 6. To prolong or extend the survey line up to required destination.

Description : State the uses of Global positioning system (GPS)

Last Answer : Uses of Global positioning system 1. To prepare contour maps. 2. To prepare longitudinal section of roads. 3. To prepare alignment of roads & bridges. 4. Used for navigation purpose.  5. For ... . 8. Used in Geographical information system. 9. Used in Military and Space 10. For Agriculture.

Description : State any four uses of contour.

Last Answer : By studying a contour map : 1) The nature of the ground surface or topography of a country whether hilly, undulating or flat can be understood. 2) Possible routes of communication between ... drawn any direction from the contour map. 8) Quantities of earthwork can be determined approximately.

Description : Enlist the uses of total station in surveying.

Last Answer : The uses of total station are : 1) To measure horizontal, vertical and slope distances. 2) To measure horizontal and vertical angles. 3) To measure the level difference between points. 4) To carry out ... 6) To prepare layout of building. 7) For speedy completion of any type of project work.

Description : What is GPS. State any four uses of GPS

Last Answer : GPS is satellite navigation system used to determine the ground position of an object. Uses of GPS: 1.To prepare contour map 2 It is widely used in navigation. 3. To locate different points of ... fix alignment , positions of piers etc. 6 It gives accrate timing to banks, mobile oprators etc.

Description : State the uses of contour map.

Last Answer : Following are the uses of contour maps. 1.The nature of the ground surface or topography of a country weather hilly, undulating ,or flat can be understood. 2. For determining the ... volume of cutting and embankment in given gradient. 6.For determining intervisibility of given points.

Description : List any four modern survey instruments.

Last Answer : Following are the modern survey instruments. 1. Digital Level 2. Electronic Distance Meter (EDM) 3. Micro-optic Theodolite 4. Total Station 5. Global Positioning System (GPS) Device 6. Aerial Camera 7. Remote Sensors

Description : List any four essential characters of Tacheometer.

Last Answer : 1. The value of constant f/i = 100 Where, f = focal length i = length of image. 2. The telescope should be powerful, the magnification should be 20 to 30 times the diameter  3. The ... aperture of the objective should be 35 to 45mm in diameter in order to have a sufficiently bright image.

Description : Compare radiation and intersection methods of plane table surveying on any two parameters.

Last Answer : Radiation method Intersection method 1. It requires the plane table to occupy a single station.  1. This method requires setting the table up at minimum of two stations.  ... for locating inaccessible points by the intersection of the rays drawn from two instruments stations.

Description : Name two software for GPS.

Last Answer : Softwares for GPS 1).GPSWOX 2) iGO 3) HERE 4)Navigon 5)Navman 6)EasyGPS 7) Caliper

Description : State two advantages of plane table surveying

Last Answer : 1.it is most rapid method of surveying. 2. it is suitable for magnetic areas. 3.The map can be prepared easily ,and does not require greater skill. 4.Irregular objects can be represented ... is less costly. 7 The check lines detects the errors of measurement and plotting on field itself.

Description : Define following terms and give any two components of each : 1. GIS 2. GPS

Last Answer : GIS:- A geographic information system is a computer based tool that allows you to create, manipulate, analyze ,store & display information based on its location. Components:- 1) hardware 2) ... position &location speed and direction. Components:- 1) Antenna 2) Radio frequency

Description : State any two situations under which tacheometry is preferred.

Last Answer : Tacheometry is preferred in following situations. 1. When horizontal distances can't be measured by chaining on highly uneven ground. 2. When vertical distances or reduced levels can't be measured ... is necessary to fill the details in topographic map and contour map with low degree of precision.

Description : What is a contour map? Write any two objects of preparing contour map.

Last Answer : Contour map : It the map showing nature of topography of any particular field with the help of contour lines indicating reduced levels of ground. Objects of preparing contour map : Contour map ... . 4. To excavate the canal and contour cut trenches along hillside under watershed management works.

Description : State the two methods of setting out curves.

Last Answer : Methods of setting out curves :- 1) Method of offsets or ordinates from the long chord 2) By successive bisection of arcs 3) By offsets from tangents 4) By offsets from chords produced 5) Rankine’s method of tangential angles 6) Two Theodolite method

Description : State any two advantages of total station over dumpy level and theodolite.

Last Answer : Advantages of total station over dumpy level and theodolite :- 1) Total station gives digital measurements of sloping, horizontal and vertical distances accurately and precisely. 2) Total station gives ... data to computer. 6) Total station used to prepare the map and drawings using softwares.

Description : State any two application of each of GIS in land information and land environmental field.

Last Answer : Applications of GIS in Land information Following are the applications of GIS in land information. Easy creation and maintenance of data for land records. Land planning and land use. ... . Environmentally sensitive zone mapping. Forest cover, soil quality and hydrology coverage.

Description : State any two advantages and limitations of remote sensing.

Last Answer : Following are the advantages of remote sensing Provides data for large areas. Provide data for very remote and inaccessible area. Easy and rapid collection of data. Rapid production ... Needs cross verification with field survey data. Objects can be misclassified or confused. Expensive.

Description : State any two special features of electronic theodolite.

Last Answer : Following are the special features of electronic theodolite 1. Dual side display and keyboard with push buttons / keys 2. Rechargeable Ni-Cd battery with auto power cut off. 3.Compatability with EDM. 4. Communication port

Description : What is the difference between a theodolite and a tacheometer. Give any two characteristics of tacheometer.

Last Answer : Difference between theodolite and tacheometer. Sr.No Theodolite Tacheometer 1 It is most accurate instrument use for measurement of horizontal and vertical angle. ... 4. The vision through the telescope should give a clear and bright image for a long distance.

Description : What is meant by permanent adjustment of a theodolite.Enlist any two such adjustment.

Last Answer : A theodolite consist of several fundamental lines .In order reading to be accurate, certain desired relationship must exist between the fundamental lines of the instruments. But due to improper handling or ... axix 4 Adjustment of level tube on the telescope 5 Adjustment of vertical index frame.

Description : Demonstrate the utility of Remote Sensing and GIS applications in Civil Engineering with appropriate examples.

Last Answer : Applications of Remote Sensing in Civil Engineering 1) Silting of storage reservoirs harbors etc. - Remote sensing technique that makes use of satellite imagery gives idea about the silting of ... Impact studies 6) Natural Hazard mapping or assessment 7) Water Resources availability.

Description : Apply knowledge of total station to prepare a contour map by describing its procedure.

Last Answer : Procedure of preparing contour map using total station1) Preliminary set up - Fix the total station over a station and level it. Press the power button to switch on the instrument. ... computer in the appropriate format. 8) Using appropriate application software, contour map will be prepared.

Description : Describe stepwise procedure to prepare the layout of a small building using total station.

Last Answer : Layout of small building by using total station: 1. On the plan supplied by an architect, number the column serially from left to right and top to bottom starting from top left ... of setting out by comparing the diagonal distance between the extreme column centres to their calculated values.

Description : Describe the procedure to determine co-ordinates of a station using GPS.

Last Answer : The following are some general GPS field survey procedures that should be performed at each station, observation, and/or session on a GPS survey. A. Receiver setup : GPS receiver shall be set up ... is to identify any problem that may exist which can be corrected before returning from the field.

Description : Explain the principle of techeometry with the help of a neat sketch.

Last Answer : Principle of tacheometry is based on principle of similar triangle in which corresponding sides & altitudes are proportional The ratio of distance of base from apex and length of base is always constant. ... S3=f/i=Constant Where f=focal length of objective and i =stadia intercept

Description : Explain the temporary adjustment of theodolite.

Last Answer : Temporary Adjustments: The temporary adjustments have to be carried out at every setup of the instrument before taking observations with the theodolite A)Setting up: 1) Place the instrument ... . The parallax can be removed by the sharp focusing until the image appears sharp and clear.

Description : Describe any one method of orientation of plane table surveying

Last Answer : Orientation by back sighting method: This method is accurate and is always preferred. Procedure: 1.Suppose A and B are two stations.The plane table is set up over A. The table is leveled by spirit level ... are perfect and needle is exactly at 0-0 , the orientation is said to be perfect.

Description : State the function of Anallatic lens..

Last Answer : The function of anallatic lens is to make additive constant zero i.e.(f+d)=0 It simplifies the calculation.

Description : Define Latitude and Departure.

Last Answer : Latitude : The projection of survey line parallel to meridian is called latitude. OR Projection of survey line parallel to N-S direction is called latitude. Departure: The projection of survey ... is called departure. OR Projection of survey line parallel to E-W direction is called departure.

Description : Define Swinging & Transiting

Last Answer : Swinging: It is the process of turning the telescope in horizontal plane about its vertical axis. Transiting: It is the process of turning the telescope through 180° in a vertical plane about its horizontal axis

Description : State any four characteristics of contours with sketches.

Last Answer : Characteristics of contours - The characteristics of contours are described in following statements with the help of necessary sketches. 1. All the points on contour line represent same reduced level or equal ... 8. The summit of four ridge lines represents saddle as shown in sketch 8.

Description : Explain direct method of contouring.

Last Answer : Direct method of contouring - In this method of contouring, the contours of required reduced level are plotted on ground itself. The procedure of direct method of contouring is as follows. ... identical coloured pegs, we get the required contours on ground by this direct method of contouring.

Description : Give classification of curve and explain any one in detail.

Last Answer : Types of curve : The curve is classified broadly in two categories 1. Horizontal curve - When the points of curve are joined in horizontal plane then it is known as horizontal curve. 2. Vertical ... roadway or railway tracks. Vertical curves are of four types. a) Summit curve b) Valley curve

Description : Define transiting and swinging of theodolite.

Last Answer : Transiting of theodolite - The vertical movement of telescope about its horizontal axis through 360 degree is known as Transiting of telescope of theodolite. Swinging of theodolite - The lateral or ... of theodolite about its vertical axis through 360 degree is known as Swinging of theodolite.

Description : What do you mean by zero circle in area measurement?

Last Answer : Zero Circle - It is the circle formed due to sliding of wheel of mechanical planimeter without changing the reading of circular measuring disc. It is unmeasured circular area on drawing sheet due to non-rotation of counter disc.

Description : Give the main features of total station

Last Answer : 1. Easy access to any desired programme and mode of selection 2. Automatic atmospheric correction 3. Guide message arrangement 4. Higher distance resolution 5. Two speed tangent resolution 6. Tri axis compensation 7. East to read arrangement 8. Detachable tribranch facility

Last Answer : Advantages of Total station - 1) Great speed of the work 2) Better accuracy in the measurements 3) Low power consumptions 4) Less time required for work. 5) Less man power required ... Total station - 1) Its high initial cost 2) There are no effective checks over its measurements.

Description : What is meant by zero circle? State the advantages of digital planimeter over polar planimeter.

Last Answer : Zero circle:- When the tracing point is moved along a circle without rotation of the wheel i.e. when the wheel slides without any change in reading ,the circle is known as the zero circle or ... are required for area. 3) It gives more accurate reading 4) Less time required for measurement

Description : Give the classification of curve and Define 1.Transition curve 2. Reverse curve

Last Answer : Classification of curve is as follows1) Horizontal curve  a) Simple curve  b) Compound curve  c) Reverse curve  d) Transition curve  e) Lemniscate curve 2) Vertical curve  a) Summit curve ... their centers lie on opposites sides of the curve . They have one common tangent.

Description : State the component parts of micro optic theodolite . How it is superior to a transit theodolite. Also write the situation where it is suitable.

Last Answer : Component parts of micro optic theodolite 1) Telescope 2) Magnification with standard eyepiece. 3) Level tube 4) Foot screws. 5) Tribatch & Trivet 6) Optical micrometer 7) Changing nob 8) ... is most suitable 3) This instrument is durable for harsh environments. 4) It is simple in use.

Description : What are the different methods of contouring? Describe any one method along with sketch . Also write the situation where it is suitable

Last Answer : There are two methods of contouring:- 1. Direct Method 2. Indirect Method - a. By squares  b. By cross section  c. By tacheometric Direct method of contouring - In this ... joining these identical coloured pegs, we get the required contours on ground by this direct method of contouring.

Description : Define tacheometry. State the principle of tacheometry with sketch.

Last Answer : Tacheometry : It is the branch of angular surveying in which horizontal and vertical distances are determined from instrumental observations only, is known as tacheometry. Principle of tacheometry : ... to corresponding staff intercept remains constant as shown below in figure 3

Description : Define grade contour. Give the procedure to locate grade contour on contour map with suitable sketch.

Last Answer : Grade Contour - It is the contour established on a specific grade or gradient along the hill side. OR   The line joining the points of equal grade or gradient is termed as grade contour.  ... all the marked points will give us the required grade contour of 1 in 30 accurately.

Description : Write the use of Gale’s table.

Last Answer : Gale’s traverse table is useful to find out independent coordinates of theodolite traverse by applying necessary corrections to consecutive co-ordinates of the same traverse. Further these independent co-ordinates are useful to draw the accurate traverse without linear and angular errors.

Description : Give the simplest method of finding the area of zero of a zero circle from manufacturers table.

Last Answer : The area of zero circle can be find out simply by using following formula. A = M x C Where, A = Area of zero circle  M = Multiplier or multiplying constant provided in manufacturers table C = Constant of planimeter provide in manufacturers table

Description : In a contour map, if contours are crossing each other, what will be nature of topography? Draw the sketch to support your answer.

Last Answer : If contours are crossing or intersecting each other, then there is overhanging cliff as shown in figure 1 below.